Mature oak forests occur along the upper course of the Neda River. Exposed windward slopes in the Vason region have sparse oak vegetation and rocky pastures.
The slopes of Mount Minthi and western Mount Tetrazios that overlook the lower course of the Neda River have extensive Aleppo pine forests. On the southern side, these forests are dense and beautiful, while on the northern side, they occur only on steep slopes and in valleys. In other areas, they have been cleared for olive groves.
Abandoned fields in the river’s upper regions have been reclaimed by shrub vegetation. Locals have cultivated small tracts of land near the villages, adding colour to the traditional rural landscape with its array of wildlife. Extensive cultivations dominate the area around the river’s lower course. The estuary ecosystem contains an impressive variety of halophytic species and plants that prefer sandy soils.
Oak and chestnut trees occur in the upper regions along the Neda River. Oak forests are dense in protected valleys such as Abeliona, Agios Sostis, and Petra. Chestnut trees flourish among the oak and sporadically grow in unmixed clusters. Chestnuts are a traditional produce of surrounding villages.
Near the estuary, you will find white willows growing amongst plane trees, which are abundant along the upper course of the river from the springs to the gorge.
Ilia – Arcadia