Theseus was the Athenian hero who volunteered to be one of the victims of the Minotaur. An Ionian founder-hero (in contrast with the Dorian hero Hercules), Theseus reorganized the country of Attica. Theseus played an important role in the poetry of Bacchylides, and the drama of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Theseus was as popular as Hercules for 5th century vase painters. He was involved in so many adventures that a proverbial expression translates as “Theseus had a hand in it.” Whereas Hercules fought mostly monsters in his 12 Labors, Theseus faced mostly human foes who troubled travelers.