According to Greek Mythology, the God Zeus grew up in Naxos, where his son, Dionysos was born. Dionysos, the god of wine, enforced his power and made Naxos a rich and fertile land, ensuring a bountiful supple of wine.
There he met Ariadne, daughter of King Minos of Crete, who had been abandoned there by Theseus after fleeing from Crete, upon killing the Minotaur. He fell in love with her, and together had three children, or in reference to another version, devastated, she plunged off the cliff of palatia- the hill on Portara, to her death.
It is said that Naxos bears its name from Endymion’s son, leader of the Cares, and that evidence shows that the “Naxia” or “Axia” were used during the Venetian rule.